War and Conflicts in South Sudan

In 2005, a 21 year long civil war between North and South Sudan ended. The Comprehensive Peace Agreement was signed by the North and South governments. There is still animosity and tension between the North and South, with lots of mistrust and anger on both sides. There continues to be fighting between different ethnic groups in the south. The United Nations says that more people have died in the south in recent months from violence than in the war-torn western region of Darfur.

Many fear for the stability of the 2005 peace deal. Yet, South Sudan is not mentioned very often in the international news and certainly does not receive the media attention that Darfur does. “The South say the violence is the work of outside forces in order to portray Southerners as unable to govern themselves. The Northerners say that Southern politicians want to shift the blame for their failure to establish peace and security, that the South has squandered million of dollars in oil revenues and the south’s former rebel army has not helped in establishing lasting peace. Regardless if the violence is a result of internal or outside forces, it is clear that the “peace” in south Sudan is tenuous. As is usually the case, the most vulnerable will suffer the most”. (BBC Article, “Could Sudan Clashes Herald Return to War?”, Wednesday July 8th, 2009, Peter Martell).